WHAT IS CBD?
Cannabidiol—CBD—is a cannabis compound that has significant medical benefits, but does not make people feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the psychoactivity of THC.
The fact that CBD-rich cannabis is non-psychoactive or less psychoactive than THC-dominant strains makes it an appealing option for patients looking for relief from inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, seizures, spasms, and other conditions without disconcerting feelings of lethargy or dysphoria.
Scientific and clinical research—much of it sponsored by the US government—underscores CBD’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, including arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, chronic pain, schizophrenia, PTSD, depression, antibiotic-resistant infections, epilepsy, and other neurological disorders. CBD has demonstrable neuroprotective and neurogenic effects, and its anti-cancer properties are currently being investigated at several academic research centers in the United States and elsewhere. Further evidence suggests that CBD is safe even at high doses.
Inside the human body there’s the endocannabinoid system, with receptors spread throughout the brain and body. Cannabinoid receptors are involved in a series of processes inside the human body, including the regulation of mood, pain sensation, appetite and memory. These receptors can be activated by endocannabinoids produced by the human body as well as by plant cannabinoids and they’re grouped in two main categories: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found mostly in the central nervous system, and in smaller numbers in the liver, kidneys and lungs, while CB2 receptors are part of the immune system and found in the hematopoietic blood cells as well . It used to be thought that CBD acts on these CB2 receptors, but it appears now that CBD does not act on either receptor directly. Instead, it seems to influence the body to use more of its own cannabinoids. It has been shown that Cannabidiol (CBD) strengthens and improves the efficacy of mitochondria, the power source for every cell in your body.
Continued studies on the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) have shown that apart from being regulator of homeostasis, the ECS also responsible for repairing damaged cells. Research has also shown that cannabinoids are able to target damaged cells without affecting normal cells, which means that the ECS can act as a biological defense system. When a person ingests hemp oil, CBD, or other cannabinoids, these cannabinoid receptors are activated (CBD seems to have a higher affinity for CB2 receptors than CB1 receptors). Research is showing that supplementing your Endocannabinoid System with plant cannabinoids, you are naturally developing a healthier ECS system and improving the power source of your body’s cells.
Johnson, Jon. (2017, April). CBD oil: Uses, health benefits, and risks. Retrieved from www.medicalnewstoday.com
Source: Article published by Medical News Today; Reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT.
With the growing awareness of CBD as a potential health aid there’s also been a proliferation of misconceptions. Find questions and responses to common misinformation.
CBD doesn’t get you high
CBD is medical. THC is recreational.
THC is the bad cannabinoid. CBD is the good cannabinoid.
CBD is most effective without THC
Single-molecule pharmaceuticals are superior to ‘crude’ whole plant medicinals
CBD is not psychoactive
Psychoactivity is inherently an adverse side effect.
High doses of CBD work better than than low doses
CBD converts to THC in a person’s stomach
Legalizing CBD, but not cannabis, adequately serves the patient population
Marijuana prohibition doesn’t apply to CBD. CBD is federally legal if it comes from the seed or stalk of hemp
CBD is CBD—It doesn’t matter where it comes from
Benefits of CBD And Usages
CBD-rich cannabis has a long history of being used to treat health problems. CBD oil has been traditionally used for thousands of years to treat various types of pain, but it has only recently begun to be studied again by the medical community.
Medical marijuana has been used to treat a variety of ailments and conditions since ancient times. However, CBD oil is a prevalent topic in today’s medical field and has profound effect on children with seizures and shrinking tumors. The following is an overview of the incredible positive effects CBD oil has had.
Using CBD dates back to the 19th century. Queen Victoria would use cannabis to alleviate menstrual cramp and relied on it frequently. However, CBD has always played second fiddle to its fellow cannabinoid THC (which gives cannabis its psychoactive properties). In the 1980s, studies hinted that CBD could alleviate certain types of pain, anxiety and nausea, but still did not get much attention until the 90s.
In 1998, a medical company called GW Pharmaceuticals based in Great Britain began to cultivate cannabis for medical trials. Their aim was to develop a concise and consistent plan for extracting CBD. Geoffery Guy, one of the company’s founders, staunchly believed that cannabis plants rich in CBD would be used as medicine. This research would lead to scientific studies conducted by the International Cannabinoid Research Society, Society of Cannabis Clinicians, and International Association for Cannabinoid Medicine. Early animal studies showed that CBD lessened anxiety and reduced the frequency and severity of seizures. This turned heads in the medical community, and cannabis strains began to be cultivated with extremely low levels of THC and high levels of CBD. By 2009, Oakland, California’s Steep Hill Laboratory had successfully grown strains that contained more CBD than THC.
In the 2010s, the public began to see what a profound effect CBD oil could have treating a variety of life-threatening ailments, especially in children. A prime example of this is a young family from Missoula, Montana, using CBD oil to treat their 20-month-old son, Cash Hyde, who had been diagnosed with brain cancer in 2010. Hyde’s condition was worsening and his tumor was inoperable. After exhausting every treatment option, including 30 rounds of intensive radiation, ketamine, methadone and morphine treatments, the Hyde family had hit their limit. Nothing had worked. In an effort to give his small child some relief, Mike Hyde (Cash’s father), did what was thought to be “crazy” at the time and administered a highly concentrated cannabis extract to his son not knowing what else to do.. After his first cannabis treatment, Hyde’s stage IV brain tumor had shrunk. Although it was considered unorthodox, Mike Hyde was applauded by medical professionals and even spoke with the press in hopes of shedding light on how CBD oil is literally a lifesaver (Vice). Cash Hyde lived for another two and a half years passing away after the state of Montana made a change in legislation that impaired the family from easily accessing the cannabis oil their son needed.
Perhaps the most prolific case of CBD oil and its success is the 2013 story that achieved national press. Charlotte Figi is a 3-year-old Colorado girl who suffered 300 grand mal seizures every week. Like the Hyde family, her parents thought they had tried everything including a heavy regimen of pharmaceutical drugs and painful procedures that still did not ease her condition. Her parents had watched a documentary of one of the first medical marijuana dispensaries in California centered around testing their strains for CBD and other cannabinoid content. The California center testing was one of the first public assertions that cannabis was safe to ingest and use for a variety of medical purposes. CBD-rich oil was able to treat 99% of the young girl’s seizures, and CNN aired a 2013 special on marijuana and its medicinal effects.
These are just a couple of specific instances that show how effective CBD oil can be, laying the groundwork for CBD oil being recognized as a justifiable medicine for a variety of ailments. As a result, many states are passing legislation rapidly allowing CBD oil to be used in numerous clinical studies and as treatment plans. Research continues to back up its legitimacy and programs are being funded globally to continue studies.
WHOLE PLANT HEMP EXTRACT VS. CBD ISOLATE
When it comes to purchasing hemp and CBD products, one is presented with a dizzying array of options at hand and a number of terms to understand before making a decision. One of the biggest question is: Do you want to use a whole plant extract, or a CBD isolate? Let’s break it down!
Whole Plant Hemp Extract
Whole plant hemp extracts contain ALL of the available cannabinoids within the hemp material used to create your product. These extracts are also commonly known as full spectrum extracts. They may contain any combination of CBD, CBD-A, THC, THC-A, CBG, and so on. Note, that the cannabinoids present may be altered by the extraction and processing techniques used (ex: decarboxylating the hemp to create a CBD product instead of one with CBD-A).
Legally speaking, the only restriction on whole plant hemp products is that they must contain less than, or equal to, 0.3% THC by weight. Anything over 0.3% THC by weight is considered a marijuana product; for which you need a medical marijuana card in the state of California.
Why is THC beneficial? The cannabinoids in whole plant extracts act in synergy, which increases the potential number of medical conditions that the extract may treat. This is called the “Entourage Effect”: essentially, where 1 + 1 = 3. The small allowed amount of THC in hemp products is not believed to cause a psychoactive “high.” In fact, CBD will attach to your CB1 receptor, (where THC also binds) to create a high, but in reverse; thus decreasing psychoactivity. This is similar to how THCV works as an appetite suppressant, as opposed to THC, which gives you the munchies.
A disadvantage of whole plant hemp extract is that because it does contain trace amounts of THC, these may build up in a user’s system over time, posing a liability in drug testing and other screening.
*** All of our products are made from Whole Plant Hemp Extract. And contain less than 0.3% of THC.
Hemp can be obtained from low-resin cannabis, which is traditional hemp; tall and stalky, great for rope. It can also be attained from high-resin cannabis, which is traditional marijuana that has been bred down in THC to less than 0.3%. It takes a lot of the former hemp type to create CBD isolates, so beware of hemp that is grown overseas or in unregulated markets. Low-resin, traditional hemp is a very efficient bio-accumulator, meaning it sucks up toxins and other compounds from the soil. In fact, hemp was planted to clean up heavily contaminated soil after the 1986 nuclear disaster at the Chernobyl power plant in Ukraine.
You don’t want your hemp products to come from low-resin hemp due to the risk of bio-accumulated toxins. Instead, look for US-grown high-CBD hemp from high-resin plants (traditional marijuana cultivars). They don’t carry the high risk of bio-accumulation and also take less raw material to create your product, which is more earth-friendly.
LEGALITY OF HEMP OIL :
DEA TAKES SOME CBD OFF SCHEDULE 1
– WITH FDA APPROVAL
The DEA has moved cannabidiol (CBD) drugs (prescription products) with a THC content below .01% to a Schedule 5 (V) drug, provided the drug has been approved by the FDA. Schedule V drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with lower potential for abuse than Schedule IV and consist of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics. Schedule V drugs are generally used for antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic purposes.
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